

Part 3: Association Study 

One way to help select which gene to target is by doing an association study. The type of association study that you will be using is a casecontrol study. To analyze a casecontrol study you will calculate an odds ratio from the case and control genotypes. The odds ratio is a measure of the strength of the association between the disease and a risk (or protective) factor. An example is shown below:
Odds ratio = ad/bc
Odds ratio = (38*1500)/(47*467) = 2.60 95% Confidence Interval = 1.67 – 4.03 The confidence interval, or range of plausible results given this sample size and data, has been calculated for you. In this instance, smoking has a confidence interval above 1. It is a significant risk factor for lung cancer. This indicates that patients with lung cancer were more likely to have been smokers. If the confidence interval had been below 1, it would be a significant protective factor. Click Here to continue.
